Category Archives: Discovery

Save Yourself Time and Money Using e-Discovery Software

During a legal case the amount of information that you have to gather and examine is staggering. Going through all of that information can be a little overwhelming to say the least, and you can dramatically decrease the burden of the task by relying on e-discovery software.

The process of e-discovery is important to law cases because it is when all of those important documents that are going to support the case are gathered up. Lawyers don’t just have the information that they need to win a case, they have to take the time and find that information, or hire someone else to do it for them. There are many phases in the process and software will help you keep it all straight.

Specialized software is especially useful because it tracks information for you that could have been potentially lost otherwise. Holding onto your information is vital if you have any plan of winning your case.

The very first thing that you are going to have to do is use the software to get all the information that you need for the case and decide whether or not it is actually going to be useful. When you have the information it is up to you to store it on another device and protect it so that it does not get meddled with until the time that you have to present it.

The next step is the most vital for the software because it will automate several of the tasks. You need to take all that information and process it. That means that you will remove the doubles of the content, you will also get meta data from files such as the date and time it was produced. All of this can be done with the software and it will really speed things up for you.

When you have done the automatic processing you also have to pick out the best documents for the case by hand. This is another are the software is beneficial because it allows you to take notes right in documents and pass them on to other members of the team.

The final step in the whole e-discovery process is to hand over your information to the opposing side of the case so that they can look over your information. This task couldn’t be simpler with the software since it keeps all the documents bundled together in the same location they are very easy to transfer over to the other team.

Even though you are going to spend additional money on good e-discovery software, it is going to save you over time as your cases are put together more efficiently, and you lose less information along the way. The software is well worth the investment as long as you have to go through the e-discovery process several different times

To learn more about e-discovery software, click here

Learning of the Latest Science News and Discoveries

The world we live in today is rapidly growing and developing with every new scientific breakthrough that is made. Owing to this, the world becomes more dynamic with changes not only in the technology we use but in the lifestyle we live. With a lot of government funding from different countries going into scientific research in just about any field, new breakthroughs are made almost everyday. The knowledge that we gain from research expands our capabilities and ultimately leads to a happier and better world. For a scientific research to really be a breakthrough, it should be shared with the rest of the world and so there is the importance of knowing the latest science news. When it comes to knowing about the latest science news, people can learn about this certain topic from a number of sources. Below is a list of some of the most common sources where one could learn about the latest science news:

The local newspaper r

Newspapers are always filled with interesting articles to read and at times, there are articles on the latest science news. Science is a vast field with so many sub-fields. Any scientific developments can be featured in all kinds of newspapers, local or global. The Radio

The radio, like the newspaper, also features information on the latest science news. This may include local news or even international news. If you stay tuned in to a particular radio station long enough, you are bound to hear some exciting news regarding scientific discoveries. The Television This is one great place to gain access to the latest science news. Certain channels like the Discovery Channel are dedicated to telling people all about scientific discoveries and helping people know about the latest science news. The Internet

The Internet is by far the greatest source of information and because of that, access to the latest science news is very easy. People can read hundreds of thousands or articles regarding news on science and research. There are even certain websites that are dedicated to providing people with news regarding different sciences be it astrology, biology, medical science, geology, sociology and many more.

With science being a very wide topic, knowing about different news regarding these things can be very enlightening. As more research goes to all of the different fields of science, mankind becomes much more enlightened. With the different forms of mass media today, information gained on scientific discoveries and breakthroughs are easily shared with people all around the world.

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Planatronics Discovery 925 Hands Free Bluetooth Headset

Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset is one of the most unusually stylish and sleek hands free bluetooth headsets I’ve seen in a long time and is a treat every time I use it. Even though I was a bit unconfident while I coughed out 150$ for the Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset, I found out soon that the hands free headset was well worth its money. Other things that concerned me about the Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset was its delicate looking design for it could be mistaken for an oversized paperclip if left lying around but it’s just as ruggedly designed as it is designed to be fashionable. And fashionable it is with its light weight and chic design.

The Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset does not lacks a over the ear loop and probably not at all required since it is extremely light and its ear buds fit snugly into the ears holding it firmly in place. Switching on and pairing done all in a few minutes and you will almost forget that youve got it on in a few minutes answering calls seamlessly with amazingly clear audio and speaking effortlessly through the boom mic. The leather carrying/recharging case is certainly a classy touch. The leather case holds its own battery which helps getting better battery life. Even though it took me some time to get to this feature I found that the Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset can be paired with two phones simultaneously. That part does take some messing about but it gets easier after the first time you do it and it is quite a handy aspect of the Planatronics Discovery 925 hands free Bluetooth headset.

It has a talk time of 5 hours and standby of 7.29 days.

What Is Guided Discovery In Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

Commonly asked questions by people learning about Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) are –

What is guided discovery?
Is it about the therapist directing the client?
Is Socratic dialogue the same thing as guided discovery?
How do I offer guided discovery?

One thing for sure, is that the concept often feels overwhelming when we first try this type of approach.

My view point is that, guided discovery, can be one of the most beneficial interventions used within CBT. In a nut-shell, guided discovery is a process that a therapist uses to help his or her client reflect on the way that they process information. Through the processes of answering questions or reflecting on thinking processes, a range of alternative thinking is opened up for each client. This alternative thinking forms the blueprint for changing perceptions and behaviours.

Essentially, it could be suggested that a client approaching a CBT therapist is initially functioning at a mindless level. This is not to say that a client is ignorant or not able to think. Rather, that the client has a range of automatic cognitive processes that are being allowed to run without intervention. Some of these thinking processes may have been developed in childhood, while others may directly result from an immediate mood state.

A useful analogy for guided discovery is to think about going to an opticians for an eye test. The optician may initially put a contraption on their clients head with a range of lenses on it. Initially, their clients cannot see through this contraption very well (i.e., what they perceive is a blur). The optician then sets about gradually removing or replacing lenses, and after a while, through a process of trial and error (and feedback from the client) each individual begins to see more clearly.

Guided discovery works in exactly the same way as the above example. Except, instead of using optical lenses, the CBT therapist helps the client use lenses of perception. Perceiving information is a different way allows each client to access a range of choices in their life, ostensibly, to see their life through different lenses. When we view life in a different way our emotional reaction to events also shifts. These types of continued conscious re-evaluations in CBT are very important because they lay the foundations of future automatic thinking and make relapse less likely.

More Huge Oil and Natural Gas Discoveries

More discoveries of large stores of both oil and natural gas. This happens all the time, yet hardly anyone hears about it. What difference does it make anyway? They can’t drill it.Remember that back in the 1990s the Clintons sent Russia $30b because they claimed only they had large stores of natural gas. Today we know we have more than they do. We have huge amounts of oil in shallow waters (20 to 40 miles off our coasts) and deeper ones 40-80 miles off shore. No! We can’t drill. But we send Brazil $2b to help them with their offshore drilling-that is blatant wealth transfer carried out right in front of the American people and most of them can’t recognize it. Very sad.Note too that we’ve been running out of oil since the 1960s when Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman began publishing a Marxist Weekly that they sent to hundreds of campuses across America. They had us running out of oil, land, water, and the air getting so bad that cock roaches couldn’t breathe it. Florida wouldn’t have been here the last thirty-five years according to them. Part of California should have been in the sea since before half the nation was born. Doomsday preacher Hal Lindsey made a film called “The Late Great Planet Earth” in the early 1970s, in which he said the planet itself was in such bad shape that it could not last past 1980. Jimmy Carter said in 1976 that “world oil supplies could not last past the early 1980s.”The leader of the relentless Warming Pack, Albert Gore, has had the planet heating up to a boiling point for years, even though we just experienced another record-setting cold winter, so that the polar ice caps are as large today as they were in the 1970s. Very few people know this because the Warmers run ABC, CBS, CNN, FOX, NBC, the History Channel, the Science Channel, the National Geographic Channel, PBS, and other similar ones that promote the Global Warming Hoax, and those channels are where most of us obtain information; in fact, all those Warmer outlets still use the strongly refuted phony weather stats fromthe IPCC. There is plenty of oil for years to come, and also coal, natural gas, and water. Next though, the Left will be restricting us from drinking our water. Don’t you know they’ve discussed it when they were sitting around trying to figure out the next ambiguous bug to protect that no one has ever heard of so that we can’t use our natural resources? Don’t think they won’t do it.

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Top 10 Science Discoveries In 2006

Science is nothing other than discovery and understanding things. To some its a study to others an adventure. One of the earliest of sciences it fails to loose its place as the number one in research and development. Every year great minds mull over the year that has been and list what the top 10 or 20 science discoveries for the year are.

In 2006 leaders among science discoveries were:

1.A chance to know mankinds primordial past by the study of comet particles brought back to earth by NASAs spaceship Stardust. The comet particles are said to contain gases and dust from the formation of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago. Around 150 scientists all over the world are involved in the study of and discovery from the comet remains.

2.Paleontologists have found in Nunavut in Canada a 375 million year old fossil that bridges the gap between land and aquatic creatures. Names Tiktaalik roseae or fishapod the fossil may well solve many mysteries of evolution.

3.For years mankind has attempted to reach the core of the earth. In April 2006 ateam of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program was able to drill a mile into the ocean crust and collect intact samples of the crusts various layers which includes the deepest layer known as gabbro.

4.A Russian Grigory Perelman resolved a complex Mathematical problem known as Poincares Conjecture. For this achievement he was awarded the prestigious Fields Medal by the International congress of Mathematicians.

5.The discovery of nano creatures in acid sludge in mines could lead the way to understanding life forms that survive under extreme conditions. Organisms that live in mine sludge oxidize iron to get sustainable energy.

6.An antiquarian book written in 1650 contains important information on traditional healing methods used Indonesia.

7.Genetic studies revealed that human and chimpanzee ancestors could have inbred more than 6.3 million years ago.

8.A crash between two galaxies enabled scientists to detect invisible dark matter for the first time.
9. Ocean research teams discovered that a large area of the South Pacific had almost no sea floor sediment.

10.Research showed that starlings could learn and recognize grammatical patterns called recursion once thought to be uniquely a human language trait.

In an attempt to understand himself and life mankind has continuously studied all aspects of life past and present. Physics, math, biology, chemistry, anthropology, nutrition, medicine, molecular biology and astronomy among many other fields contribute to understanding mans evolution and the creation of a sustainable future. It is study, brainstorming, and debate that led to discovery. Every year experts review the year that has been. As always lists are not stringent and a matter of choice and taste. It is not what leads but the knowledge of what has happened that is important.

The World Wide Web hosts thousands of websites that bring science closer to lay persons and knowledge on the internet promotes learning and an understanding of how science works.

Knowledge Discovery

Knowledge discovery is the process of extracting the unknown or hidden nuggets of information from the large volumes of data in repositories. It uses various statistical and mathematical techniques that correlate the information to find out trends and patterns from data pool. It provides insights for the plethora of data available randomly. Knowledge Discovery is a process where raw data is transformed into understandable data and then the trends and patterns are recognized using various techniques and algorithms. The process includes following operations:

1. Data Collection: The structured, semi-structured and unstructured data (web mails, phone records, audios, graphics, images etc.) is integrated from disparate source and collected in a repository called data. This large data from database and data warehouse is subject to pre-processing process to obtain the target data for reporting and analysis.

2. Data Cleaning: The real world data is dirty as it has missing values, inconsistent data, unclear attributes etc. It is an important part of knowledge discovery process as it removes the noise and inconsistency of data, provides smoothness and minimize to it by using techniques like Binning, Regression and Clustering.

3. Data Integration: It is normalizes the clean data into cubes, flat files etc. so that the unknown patterns can be identified from the target data.

4. Data Transformation: It is the process of mapping the instances and schema following one-to-one or one-to-many transformation rules to minimize redundancy.

5. Data Categorization: The data is now reduced in volumes but holds complete representation. Aggregation, selection and clustering techniques are used to categorize and reduce data volume.

6. Data Mining: It is a complete technology which uses heuristics methods to discover tends and patterns followed within a cluster of data or among the different clusters of data. Some of the widely used data mining techniques are Neural Network, Linear Regression, Decision Trees, Bayesian Network, Support Vector Machine, Clustering etc.

7. Data Evaluation and Prediction: The pattern discovered by data mining techniques is evaluated on various historical facts available in the data pool to predict -what next-. The statistics allows to performing predictive analytics on the trends and patterns obtained after data mining.

APPLICATIONS: Knowledge Discovery is an interdisciplinary field having widespread applications in various domains such as Financial Industry, Retail Industry, Telecommunication Industry, Aviation Industry, Medical Research, Security Agencies.

Aarken Technologies, a sophisticated IT company that deals in top of the line engineering solutions, proposes a tool called Matrix Mapper that uses Knowledge Discovery, Data Mining and Predictive Anlaytics as its major components. The Matrix Mapper (MM) is a product for that would mirror the capabilities of the Analysts’ Notebook (AN), an application created by i2, an IBM subsidiary, which cannot be sold anywhere outside the US and Russia and is subject to stringent US Export Control (EC) regulations.

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Electronic Discovery Personnel

We already know the legal profession is changing at the same pace, and in some areas, a faster pace, than other career specialties. One relatively new job description within this area is that of an electronic discovery, or e-discovery, professional. This $2 billion (and growing) industry is changing the way information is gathered, stored as well as the legalities behind the electronic methods.

These folks are the ones who can quickly assess where the accurate information is, and then legally obtain it, identify it, process it, review it and then provide it to his legal team for further consideration in various court cases. For many, it’s just another way of providing support to an area’s litigation department. A. Harrison Barnes, career coach and LawCrossing.com founder says for those who thrive in the legal field, but who are just beginning to pursue their law degrees or for those lawyers who discovered too late that they don’t want to practice law or that they can earn far more as an e-discovery expert, will often find what they’re looking for in these roles.

Not surprisingly, most of who are in this field already have some degree of legal education, but for those who don’t, there are a couple of ways to break through. Those with certifications as a paralegal will often see an easy transition, says A. Harrison Barnes. Also, an extensive understanding of technology, and specifically, the internet is a must; generally an IT background serves the purpose. Much of what these professionals do is learned on the job and might include:

Ensuring compliance and custody chains are maintained Collect and analyze electronic information Work with the legal team as a whole; and in fact, these personnel might be the only ones who see the team in its entirety on a daily basis Meet with clients to discuss information that’s been gathered

Perhaps the best part of these new career opportunities, says the LawCrossing.com founder, is the salary expectations. In a big city market, some personnel can earn – as a starting salary – up to $125,000. It’s easy to understand why many attorneys are opting for this arena versus actually practicing law.

Fair warning, however; this industry, while it’s fast growing, has already exploded by more than 300% since 2004. While growth is expected to continue, now’s the ideal time to break into this specialized area. By the end of 2011, it’s expected to become a $21.8 billion industry.

Whether you complete your duties working solo or as part of a team, there’s no denying the attraction of an e-discovery expert. It’s rare anyone gets in as a career avenue is unfolding, which makes it that much more attractive.

Ancient Discoveries at Huelva

One of the more popular spots in Spain for ancient monuments has to be Huelva. This city holds many interesting old structures which are past treasures of the region’s history and culture although it is a booming modern port and industrial city. A lot of these historical treasures stem from the travels of Christopher Columbus.

Ancient attractions

There are many old monuments in Huelva which would delight history buffs and budding archaeologists. Many ancient attractions in Huelva are still functioning today like the 15th century San Pedro Church. This is the region’s oldest church that was built in Moorish architectural style with 16th century Baroque style renovations. Its location over an old Arab mosque showcases the change of cultural influence in the land.

Huelva also features a 15th century Gothic-Mudejar church which is frequented by Columbus on his returns from America. It is located on a majestic mountain that offers a most panoramic view of the city.

Another fascinating church at Huelva is the Iglesia de la Concepcion; it is an exquisite 16th century architecture located at Plaza de la Concepcin which is a lively town square where a lot of locals congregate.

Town offerings

At the town center is Plaza de las Monjas or -Square of the Nuns-. Here, one can view not only the town hall where a hive of activities happens everyday from commercial to political; there is a small ancient Mudejar convent located at the town center.

The Barrio Reina Victoria district is also easily accessible in the town although it was a British effort during the 19th century. The British mining company called Rio Tinto Mine Company came to Spain and set up its business dealings in their typical Anglo-Saxon style buildings which served as employees’ residence.

Surrounding monuments

Then there is 37m Monumento a la Fe Descubridora cubist sculpture that can be found outside the town. It lies at the mouth of two local rivers: Rio Tinto River and Odiel River. This ancient sculpture is the image of a Franciscan monk from La Rabida Monastery set up as a dedication to the sailors who sailed with Columbus on their new territory discoveries villas in cambrils spain.

The 20th century built Institute La Rabida has now been converted to be the local Ibero-American University.

Huelva offers many beautiful and well structured squares, cathedrals, churches and convents from past epochs which have been well preserved for public display today. The city is rich in history and culture although it embraces modern day technology and facilitations.

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E-Discovery Services Provided By Computer Forensics Company For Efficient Court Cases

The development of electronically stored information has grown vastly over the years. Professionals within the legal sector will understand how frustrating it can be to live amongst reams of paper looking for relevant information and wading through text to try and gather data for court cases.

There is a service that enables lawyers to diminish the use of paper copies and organise vital data electronically. If casework and emails that were essential evidence within a court case were printed, it would be time consuming to manually trawl through them finding those that are relevant. This is of course dependant on the amount of data stored in the Inbox, Outbox, Sent Box and any other folders incorporated within an email system, But it is not just e-mails that may need submitting, there are various other documents that are typically held on a PC.

Now there is a process known as e-discovery available from those specialists within the digital and computer forensics industry. It enables documents to be extracted and refined from computers containing evidence within a court case. Used to gain relevant data that contributes to evidence, the system can extract those emails that contain certain words or themes, to make searches far more targeted.

E-discovery will not only save time, it will also save numerous pages of paper, as well as ink that is needed to print them. Broken down in simplest terms, 1gb of information could equate to 200 tonnes of paper. Of course, once a court case is over, all this paper needs to go somewhere. E-discovery helps reduce environmental waste.

Specialists in this service are demonstrating how using this process can make everything easier, neater and far more streamline. Using their time to show how lawyers can keep data in its original state ensures they understand how evidence can be searched with the click of a mouse.

So, if you are a lawyer who regularly deals with cases involving reams of paper, then e-discovery can help you provided by specialist computer forensic experts.

Jenny Pilley, Content Writer for Creare, specialists in Web Design.